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Facts about Denmark

Denmark, the most southerly of the Nordic countries, is a small, densely populated country, made up of a large of islands skirted by lovely beaches.

Silje Bergum Kinsten/

Denmark is the smallest of the five nations in the Nordic Region, with a total land mass approximately the same size as Finnmark County in Norway. On the other hand, Denmark has plenty of good arable land, and makes the most of this natural resource. With around 5.5 million inhabitants, Denmark is the most densely populated country in the Region. Approx. 1.2 million people live in and around the capital city, Copenhagen.

Denmark is a constitutional monarchy. Queen Margrethe II has no real political power, and the parliament, Folketinget, is the country's highest authority. Denmark is a member of the EU, but has retained the crown as its currency. The country is also a member of NATO.

The most important sources of revenue in Denmark are oil and other forms of energy, the medical industry, agricultural produce, shipping and IT services.

Per capita GDP is € 29,700 (2006).

Total area 43,561 km2
Land area 42,890 km2

Arable land,

market gardens and orchards

25,329 km2
Forests and plantations 5,294 km2
Lakes and streams 671 km2
Largest lake Arresø - 39.5 km2
Highest point Yding Skovhøj - 172.5 m
Coast line 7,314 km

Mean precipitation (1961 - 1990)

712 mm
Precipitation Copenhagen (2006) 823 mm
Population 1 January 2014
5 627 235
Population density 01.01.14 130.5 pop./km2

Population, capital

1. January 2014

1 246 611 (Copenhagen incl. suburbs) 1

National day 5. June (Constitution Day 5 June 1849)
Form of government Constitutional monarchy
Parliament Folketinget (179 seats)
Membership of the EU From 01.01.73
Membership of NATO From 4 April 1949
Head of State Queen Margrethe II
Head of government (as of June 2015) Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen
Currency: Danish crown (DKK)
Official website
Official language Danish

1) Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Albertslund, Brøndby, Gentofte, Gladsaxe, Glostrup, Herlev, Hvidovre, Lyngby-Taarbæk, Rødovre, Tårnby og Vallensbæk municipalities and urban parts of Ballerup, Rudersdal, Furesø, Ishøj By and Greve Strand.


Marita Hoydal
Phone: 0045 29692915

Pictures from Denmark