Offentliga inköp, exempelvis olika transporttjänster, är en viktig inkomstkälla för den privata sektorn. I EU står offentlig upphandling för omkring 16 procent av BNP. Staten och kommunerna har därmed goda möjligheter att styra den privata sektorn mot att producera mer hållbara tjänster och produkter.
Som ett bidrag till klimatkampen har de nordiska länderna beslutat att finansiera ett nytt program för utsläppsreduktion, Nordic Partnership Initiative on Up-scaled Mitigation Action, NPI. Programmet ska hjälpa Peru och Vietnam att minska sina utsläpp inom de kraftigt förorenande sektorerna avfallshantering och cementtillverkning.
Miljöskadliga subventioner tär på ländernas budgeter och orsakar stora miljömässiga kostnader. Trots detta visar beräkningar att subventioner för exempelvis konsumtion av fossila bränslen rentav ökar. År 2009 uppgick de till 300 miljarder dollar men året därpå till hela 409 miljarder.
Koldioxidprissättning betraktas allmänt som ett mycket effektivt verktyg för att minska koldioxidutsläppen. Genom att sätta ett pris på koldioxid ger man användarna och producenterna av fossila bränslen incitament för att minska förbrukningen och utveckla produkter och processer som orsakar låga koldioxidutsläpp.
De nordiska statsministrarna har beslutat att det nordiska samarbetet ska kraftsamla och fokusera på grön tillväxt de kommande åren. Det kommer att innebära nya satsningar exempelvis inom utbildning och forskning, energieffektivisering, grön offentlig upphandling, avfallshantering och integrering av miljö- och klimataspekter i biståndsarbetet.
Food security will be a major challenge for the world in the next decade. Some estimates for the world population challenge the world food supply with 2.5 billion new consumers in the next 40 years. My argument is that it is not enough to produce more food, it is essential that we have the right food.
In a few weeks time world leaders will gather together for the Rio+20 Conference to discuss how to build a green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication. With the current economic crisis, this theme is a highly pertinent issue for both developed and developing countries.
A new mindset is emerging among major businesses. Whether they call it green growth, conscious capitalism or shared value, more and more companies around the world are trying to define new and more sustainable ways of creating the growth we need in Europe – and in the rest of the world. They have realised that it is no longer possible to continue as before", writes EU Commissioner, Connie Hedegaard.
We often worry about human population growth and its effect on the planet. But a much more potent population bomb is represented by our farm animals whose numbers have grown almost twice as fast as those of people, due to our ravenous appetites for meat and milk. While the number of people doubled during the last half century, the number of farm animals grew 3.6 times, and the number of slaughtered animals even multiplied by the factor of 7.1.
Bornholm was the first island to take on the strategy »Bright Green Island«. Now there are five islands aiming to be bright and green, targeting to become sustainable societies and develop new answers to the global challenge.
In Denmark, we’ve recently got new mailboxes. Well, the metal kind of boxes that sits on a pole by the house. New regulation has forced us all to move the mailbox to the garden gate, which makes it possible for the mailman to deliver the mail without having to pass locked gates or fight dogs. To me that sounds reasonable and I wonder why this rule has not been introduced ages ago. But something else makes me wonder too: What do we actually use our mailbox (the metal one by the gate) for?
The Nordic Council of Ministers has launched this blog as a contribution to the dialogue around Rio+20 and the whole discussion about The Future We Want. Without dialogue there will be no global solutions and without global solutions there will be no future. We hope the Rio+20 Conference will bring us closer to a more sustainable future.
NEW YORK – As we edge closer to Rio+20, the topic on everyone’s minds is the green economy. What does a green economy look like? How can we have a green economy when the regular economy has not yet fully recovered?
Global climate changes have put the Arctic nature and people under great pressure. The Nordic countries' new Arctic Co-operation Programme prioritises nature and especially the people who live in the Region. This article reviews the new co-operation programme and a number of previous results of Nordic co-operation in the Arctic.
The eurozone crisis has thrown up old stereotypes. Northerners are hard-working and live within their means. Southerners are work-shy and profligate. A little more compassion and a look into the Nordic countries'
own economic history might put things into perspective.
In a recycling society the issue of waste management and re-use is extremely relevant and has been the focus of greater attention in recent years. In the Nordic Council of Ministers there has been co-operation in waste management for a long time. This has not only benefited the Nordic countries but has also provided valuable input to the EU's efforts in this area. The Nordic countries are well-placed to exploit their leading edge to collaborate on the development of a recycling society, for example, in global exports of methods and technology. The trend for a significant increase in the price of raw materials is a good argument for such Nordic involvement.
Unfortunately, there is no Swedish contribution to this issue of Analys Norden. Instead we link to the publication "The Nordic Way" published by the Stockholm based think tank Global Utmaning (Global Challenge) with funding from amongst others the Nordic Council of Ministers and used at the World Economic Forum in Davos in February 2011.
See link to relevant material below.
Few things are less controversial in Norway than the Norwegian, or Nordic, co-operative model. All parties and organised interest groups are in principle in agreement that it is good for the country that we have a lot of trust, small differences, a great deal of co-operation and an extensive culture of compromise. Conflicts in the Norwegian society are to a large extent about how best to preserve the co-operative model and eyes are turned more towards the EU than towards the Nordic Region.