Nordic research shows that:
-Reindeer maintain the albedo by eating and trampling vegetation. More vegetation will make the Tundra darker, as brush and trees protrude out of the snow, and thus reducing the albedo.
-The Boreal ecosystem bind carbon, in the ground and in the trees. In addition, the trees emit hydrocarbons that will lead to particle formation. This is part of the reason why the Boreal forests at Northern high latitudes are equally important as the rain forests in a climate perspective.
The side event provides practical insights on how NAMA development helps achieve sustainable impact and contribute to sector wide transformation, build the foundation for calculations and implementation of INDCs and national targets. Focus on Nordic financed NAMAs in Asia, Latin America and Africa.
Discussing the challenges faced by the Arctic Ocean due to climate change. The strength of solutions through public-private and cross-border cooperation for innovation and policy development. Presentation of clean-tech solutions for environmental management in the marine sector.
Approximately 50% of energy consumption in the EU comes from space heating and cooling. Heating represents the largest part of this load and by transitioning away from fossil fuels towards renewable resources, such as geothermal, CO2 emissions could be cut significantly. The session will give insight into the potential impact of direct utilization of geothermal energy on energy security, greenhouse gas emissions, improved quality of life, and lower heating costs.
On the 3rd of December between 10:15 AM - 11:45 AM During COP21 in Paris, the Nordic Mayors and Cities initiative in collaboration with the Nordic Council will be hosting a strategic talk on Climate Strategies and actions beyond Paris.
Sustainable use of wood in Finland and Sweden provide for an advanced bioeconomy, with variety of forest industry products as well as bioenergy. At the same time, carbon neutrality is maintained and carbon storage in forests are actually growing. The Nordic climate solution is sustainable forestry.
The Nordic countries are in an excellent positition to take the lead in the development and deployment of zero emission solutions in the maritime sector. For the past years the focus has largely been directed at transportation on land, now it is time to take the eco-revolution to the maritime sector.
Researchers from the Arctic Council and Antarctica Treaty Mechanism research bodies and Nordic polar institutes discuss recent findings of irreversible ice sheet collapse, mountain glacier loss and other climate dynamics in the Earth’s polar regions. Organized on December 1, Antarctica Day by the International Cryosphere Climate Initiative, Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (ATCM/SCAR)
Open burning is the largest single source of black carbon globally, yet this practive has a devastating impact on soils and crop yields, as well as the climate. Discussion of lessons learned from Nordic projects in Russia and Ukraine and how these are being applied globally with the Climate and Clean Air Coalition. Organized by NEFCO and the International Cryosphere Climate Initiative.
Reduced emissions of short-lived climate pollutants, including black carbon, are a high priority for the Arctic Council and the Nordic Environment Finance Corporation. What is happening on the ground to address such emissions and how will the Arctic benefit from these investments? And what political agreements are needed to ensure sufficient protection of the vulnerable Arctic environment? Special Adviser Husamuddin Ahmadzai from NEFCO and former MP Christina Gestrin from Finland will debate the issue at NEFCO’s side event at the Nordic Pavilion.
Are the INDC targets equitable between countries, and collectively ambitious enough to support the 2°C target? In this event, country-level and comparative analyses on the submitted INDC’s and post-2030 emission pathways are presented by researchers from VTT and CICERO.
Progress on the climate front does not depend solely on what our governments decide. The Parliaments play a crucial role. Domestic legislation is needed in order to establish the institutional frameworks and policies to measure, report, verify, and manage emissions. It is one thing to pass legislation and another to implement it.
The role of legislators does not end when legislation is passed. Legislators’ have an important role in oversight of governments and in approving national budgets that provide funds needed for implementing climate legislation. At this Side Event we will explore the progress with climate related legislation on the basis of a recent report published by the GLOBE Climate Legislation Study, A Review of Climate Change Legislation in 99 Countries. This report is the product of an ongoing co-operation between GLOBE International, The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment at the London School of Economics.
What is being done to save energy and mitigate climate change in Ukraine? What are the opportunities and the most pressing challenges when supporting such investments? Meet some of the key players investing in energy-efficient technologies in the industrial and municipal sectors in Ukraine. The side event will be hosted by the Nordic Environment Finance Corporation, which is currently running over 120 environmental projects in the country.
Nordic glaciers are a natural laboratory for studying the response of the Earth's cryosphere to climate change. Key issues to be introduced are:
• Accelerating ice loss in the Arctic
• Local adaptation efforts to respond to projected changes
• Nordic research on local and global implications of ongoing changes in the cryosphere