In order to support climate change mitigation efforts in developing countries, the Nordic Countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden) established the Nordic Partnership Initiative on Up-Scaled Mitigation Action (NPI), along with Peru and Vietnam in December 2011. The NPI consists of NAMA Readiness Programmes in municipal solid waste sector (Peru) and cement sector (Vietnam). The Readiness Programmes aim at building capacity in the host countries to enable them to structure and implement Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) and exploring ways to attract national and international climate finance.
The aim of the Initiative is to demonstrate how innovative international climate finance solutions can achieve sector wide greenhouse gas emission reductions in developing countries. Using a bottom-up methodology that draws heavily on the input of local stakeholders, NAMA Readiness Programmes have been established in Peru and Vietnam. During the Programmes concrete financeable proposals of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) are developed as proof-of-concept activities that will drive the development and implementation of further NAMAs.
Key to the success of these NAMA Readiness Programmes is the fact that the NAMAs are embedded in the countries’ development plans and strategies by the local regulatory authorities. To ensure sustainability and transformational change, the NAMA proposals will include different types of actions that will take place in the short, medium and long term perspective: pilot projects, targeted policy instruments and policy reform, supported by financial schemes. Financial sustainability of the actions, including plans for phase-out of international support in the long term, is taken into account in the development process.
The NPI will provide lessons learned from early activities to the international climate negotiations and serve as a model to encourage other Parties to take similar actions. The principles of matching NAMAs with developed country support are in a nascent stage and the Nordic sponsors of the Initiative are confident that the NPI will enhance the tool box of options available to developing countries to address climate change.
In the NAMA Readiness Programmes the most potential climate change mitigation and policy options, as well as institutional structures and financing plans, are identified and selected for the NAMA proposals. The NAMA Readiness Programmes will enable the monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) systems of the greenhouse gas emissions for the proposed NAMAs and ensure that the NAMAs are ready to apply for and receive international funding e.g. through the carbon market or other climate finance in able to implement the policy reform constituting the NAMAs.
The Peru municipal waste sector NAMA Readiness Programme was started in August 2013 and will continue until June 2015. The budget of the Programme in Peru is €2.3 million, and it is financed by NEFCO and the Nordic governments. The Programme partner is the Ministry of Environment of Peru (MINAM).
The Programme in the Vietnam cement sector was started in March 2014, and will continue until March 2016. The budget of the Programme in Vietnam is €1.6 million, and it is financed by NDF and the government of Vietnam. The Programme partner is the Ministry of Construction of Vietnam (MoC).
The concept of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) was first established in the Bali Action Plan in 2007, and developing countries submitted first suggestions for NAMAs as part of the Copenhagen Accord in 2009. In the Cancun Agreements of 2010 developed countries agreed to support developing countries in the task of reaching the agreed target of limiting global warming to 2°C, through capacity building, technology transfer and financing.
NAMAs are large-scale host country driven emission reduction actions that are supported and enabled by international and domestic financing, technology, and capacity building. NAMAs can be policies, programmes, projects, goals or strategies of the host country to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while contributing to sustainable development.
In autumn 2010 the Nordic Working Group for Global Climate Negotiations (NOAK) and the Nordic Environment Finance Corporation (NEFCO) decided to start preparations for the NPI, in order to scale up the emission reduction efforts supported by the Nordic countries. During 2011 the Nordic Development Fund (NDF) joined the Initiative.
A Feasibility Study was conducted in 2010-2011 in consultation with the potential host countries Peru and Vietnam in order to identify potential sectors where NAMA Pilot Programmes could be started. During the study, the municipal waste sector in Peru and the cement sector in Vietnam were selected as the most potential pilot sectors.
Consequently, the Nordic Partnership Initiative was launched at COP17 in Durban in December 2011 and the two NAMA Readiness Programmes, in the municipal solid waste sector in Peru and the cement sector in Vietnam, are currently in implementation.
The Nordic Council of Ministers
The Nordic working group for global climate negotiations (NOAK)
Nordic Environment Financing Corporation (NEFCO)
Nordic Development Fund (NDF)
Ministry of Environment of Peru (MINAM)
Ministry of Construction of Vietnam (MoC)
Sara Almqvist (NOAK) - firstname.lastname@example.org / +46 10 698 15 51
Outi Leskelä (NOAK) - email@example.com / +358 40 154 9701
Martina Jägerhorn (NDF) - firstname.lastname@example.org / +358 10 618 002
Ash Sharma (NEFCO) - email@example.com / +358 40 08 11 327
Eduardo Durand (MINAM/Peru) - firstname.lastname@example.org
Luu Linh Huong (MoC/Vietnam) - email@example.com / +849 13 560 464