Denmark, the most southerly of the Nordic countries, is a small, densely populated country, made up of a large of islands skirted by lovely beaches.
Denmark is the smallest of the five nations in the Nordic Region, with a total land mass approximately the same size as Finnmark County in Norway. On the other hand, Denmark has plenty of good arable land, and makes the most of this natural resource. With around 5.5 million inhabitants, Denmark is the most densely populated country in the Region. Approx. 1.2 million people live in and around the capital city, Copenhagen.
Denmark is a constitutional monarchy. Queen Margrethe II has no real political power, and the parliament, Folketinget, is the country's highest authority. Denmark is a member of the EU, but has retained the crown as its currency. The country is also a member of NATO.
The most important sources of revenue in Denmark are oil and other forms of energy, the medical industry, agricultural produce, shipping and IT services.
Per capita GDP is € 29,700 (2006).
|Total area||43,561 km2|
|Land area||42,890 km2|
market gardens and orchards
|Forests and plantations||5,294 km2|
|Lakes and streams||671 km2|
|Largest lake||Arresø - 39.5 km2|
|Highest point||Yding Skovhøj - 172.5 m|
|Coast line||7,314 km|
Mean precipitation (1961 - 1990)
|Precipitation Copenhagen (2006)||823 mm|
|Population 1 January 2012||5 580 516|
|Population density 01.01.12||130.1 pop./km2|
1. January 2012
1 213 822 (Copenhagen incl. suburbs) 1
|National day||5. June (Constitution Day 5 June 1849)|
|Form of government||Constitutional monarchy|
|Parliament||Folketinget (179 seats)|
|Membership of the EU||From 01.01.73|
|Membership of NATO||From 4 April 1949|
|Head of State||Queen Margrethe II|
|Head of government (September 2011)||Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt (The Danish Social Democrats)|
|Currency:||Danish crown (DKK)|
1) Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Albertslund, Brøndby, Gentofte, Gladsaxe, Glostrup, Herlev, Hvidovre, Lyngby-Taarbæk, Rødovre, Tårnby og Vallensbæk municipalities and urban parts of Ballerup, Rudersdal, Furesø, Ishøj By and Greve Strand.