Document Actions

Facts about Sweden

The largest country in the Nordic Region is also the one with the biggest population. For many, Sweden is synonymous with the production of high-quality cars, iron and steel.

Photographer
Johannes Jansson/norden.org

Inland lakes and large rivers cover almost 10% of Sweden's land mass. Despite the country's enormous coniferous forests, it still has 27,000 km2 of arable land.

Sweden is also the Nordic Region's most populous country, with around 9.1 million inhabitants, almost two million of whom live in the Stockholm area. The northern parts of the country are sparsely populated.

Sweden is a constitutional monarchy. King Carl XVI Gustaf has no real political power, and the parliament, Riksdagen, is the country's hghest authority.

Sweden is a member of the EU, but has retained the crown as its currency. The country is not a member of NATO.

Sweden is a major exporter of goods and services. The biggest exports are electronics, engineering, cars, paper, iron and steel.

Per capita GDP is € 28,200 (2006).

Total area1 447,420 km2
Lakes and streams 40,080 km2

Arable land and gardens

26,080 km2
Forests and plantations 282,760 km2
Largest lake Vänern 5,648 km2
Highest point Kebnekaise 2,106 m
Coast line mainland 11,530 km
National borders 2,205 km (border to Finland: 586 km, to Norway 1,619 km)
Icecap and glaciers 283 km2
Population 1 January 2013 9,555,893 inh.
Population density 01.01.13 23.5 pop./km2

Population, capital

1. January 2012

2,127,006 inh Stockholm (municipality)2

National day 6. June (Swedish Flag's Day)
Form of government Constitutional monarchy
Parliament Riksdag (349 seats)
Membership of the EU From 01.01.95
Membership of NATO No
Head of State (as at September 2009) Kong Carl XVI Gustaf
Head of government (as at October 2009) Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt (Moderate Party)
Currency: Swedish crown (SEK)
Official website www.sweden.se
Official language Swedish

1) Incl. the largest lakes, but excl. the area from the coast line to the territorial boundary, 81,502 km2

2) Stockholm, Upplands Väsby, Vallentuna, Österåker, Värmdö, Järfälla, Ekerö, Huddinge, Botkyrka, Salem, Haninge, Tyresö, Upplands-Bro, Nykvarn, Täby, Danderyd, Sollentuna, Södertälje, Nacka, Sundbyberg, Solna, Lidingö, Vaxholm, Norrtälje, Sigtuna and Nynäshamn.

Contact

Marita Hoydal
Phone: 0045 29692915

Pictures from Sweden