The largest country in the Nordic Region is also the one with the biggest population. For many, Sweden is synonymous with the production of high-quality cars, iron and steel.
Inland lakes and large rivers cover almost 10% of Sweden's land mass. Despite the country's enormous coniferous forests, it still has 27,000 km2 of arable land.
Sweden is also the Nordic Region's most populous country, with around 9.1 million inhabitants, almost two million of whom live in the Stockholm area. The northern parts of the country are sparsely populated.
Sweden is a constitutional monarchy. King Carl XVI Gustaf has no real political power, and the parliament, Riksdagen, is the country's hghest authority.
Sweden is a member of the EU, but has retained the crown as its currency. The country is not a member of NATO.
Sweden is a major exporter of goods and services. The biggest exports are electronics, engineering, cars, paper, iron and steel.
Per capita GDP is € 28,200 (2006).
|Total area1||450,295 km2|
|Lakes and streams||39,960 km2|
Arable land and gardens
|Forests and plantations||282,760 km2|
|Largest lake||Vänern 5,648 km2|
|Highest point||Kebnekaise 2,106 m|
|Coast line mainland||11,530 km|
|National borders||2,205 km (border to Finland: 586 km, to Norway 1,619 km)|
|Icecap and glaciers||283 km2|
|Population 1 January 2012||9,482,855 inh.|
|Population density 01.01.12||23.1 pop./km2|
1. January 2012
2,091,473 inh Stockholm (municipality)2
|National day||6. June (Swedish Flag's Day)|
|Form of government||Constitutional monarchy|
|Parliament||Riksdag (349 seats)|
|Membership of the EU||From 01.01.95|
|Membership of NATO||No|
|Head of State (as at September 2009)||Kong Carl XVI Gustaf|
|Head of government (as at October 2009)||Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt (Moderate Party)|
|Currency:||Swedish crown (SEK)|
1) Incl. the largest lakes, but excl. the area from the coast line to the territorial boundary, 81,502 km2
2) Stockholm, Upplands Väsby, Vallentuna, Österåker, Värmdö, Järfälla, Ekerö, Huddinge, Botkyrka, Salem, Haninge, Tyresö, Upplands-Bro, Nykvarn, Täby, Danderyd, Sollentuna, Södertälje, Nacka, Sundbyberg, Solna, Lidingö, Vaxholm, Norrtälje, Sigtuna and Nynäshamn.