There is a need for more information on how gender perspectives could be integrated into climate policies. Although the Nordic countries are different, this project aims to explore the possibility of a simple common structure on how to integrate gender into climate policies that can help each country on our way forward to national implementation.
Gender mainstreaming in the UNFCCC-process
At COP 25 (Madrid 2019) the Parties to the UNFCCC adopted a five year enhanced Lima work programme on gender and a gender action plan
The gender action plan (GAP) sets out five priority areas that aim to advance knowledge and understanding of gender responsive climate action and its coherent mainstreaming in the implementation of the UNFCCC. It covers the work of Parties, the secretariat, United Nations entities and all stakeholders at all levels, and aims at guaranteeing women’s full, equal and meaningful participation in the UNFCCC process.
Gender mainstreaming in the Nordic countries
All the Nordic countries have a progressive gender policy, and requirements to ensure gender equality and balance are laid down in laws and national strategies. However, the knowledge on the links between gender and climate change needs to be further documented and shared with relevant Nordic stakeholders and policy makers working with climate change. Without clear evidence of its importance, it will be more difficult to engage and to prioritize. It is therefore vital, as a first step, to get a comprehensive understanding of how climate change policies affect gender and vice versa to implement a climate change policy that doesn’t have negative effects on gender. It is important to note that UN Women and other organisations have extensive data on how climate change affects men and women in countries across the world, however, we need specific evidence in relation to the Nordic countries. This is due to our political, social, and societal structure which highly effects the type of issues we deal with.
The Nordic countries are right now on their paths to implement the Paris Agreement. There is a need for more information on how gender perspectives could be integrated into climate policies. To support the effort, there is a need for sex-disaggregated data. Although the Nordic countries are different, this project aims to explore the possibility of a simple common structure on how to integrate gender into climate policies that can help each country on our way forward to national implementation.
Gender equality in decision-making at all levels related to climate change policy are essential to ensure equal representation of women and men in policymaking. The project should deliver an overview of the status in the Nordic countries regarding gender-equality in decision-making related to climate-change policies.
The project has three specific objectives:
- to analyse how climate policies affect gender equality and vice versa in the Nordic countries and thereby improve the development of climate policies and integration of a gender perspective into policies and programmes on climate change.
- to identify what sector inclusion and data are relevant to enable an efficient implementation of gender into climate change policies.
- to get an overview of participation of women in decision-making processes on climate change.