Furthermore, the project should identify priority sector(s) at risk of transboundary impacts in the Nordic region and assess where joint Nordic action could address potential concerns.
The various impacts of climate change in particular regions of the world are likely to have consequences in other regions as well. In the global world of today, governments and businesses have to take these transboundary impacts of climate change into account when preparing strategies and actions for climate adaptation. The Nordic countries, particularly Finland, Sweden and Norway, have recently produced overviews and launched research projects focusing on the transboundary impacts of climate change. In the context of this proposal, transboundary impacts refer to how the global effects of climate change (outside the Nordic region) impact on the Nordic region or parts thereof, currently or as an effect of future climate change.
International initiatives within the field include research and development projects funded by the European Union, as well as a recent international initiative, Adaptation Without Borders, which focuses on knowledge transfer and other support to policy makers. The Nordic countries have conducted analyses of potential transboundary impacts on various sectors (i.e. policy areas), including trade, finance, agriculture, energy and infrastructure. Furthermore, geopolitical and social aspects such as predicted changes in human migration patterns have been analysed. Several of the recent overviews concluded that there is a need to work across sectors, and that international co-operation could contribute to a better understanding of these complex challenges.
A Nordic up-to-date overview of the most recent studies and initiatives on current and potential transboundary impacts of climate change would offer national authorities valuable inputs for their work on climate adaptation, and provide information required to build societies that are resilient to the effects of climate change.
The project “Nordic perspectives on transboundary impacts of climate change” centres around two main tasks:
- Overview of the most recent and ongoing Nordic and select European work on current and potential transboundary impacts of climate change.
- Analysis of current and potential transboundary impacts of climate change upon 1-2 priority sector(s) (as identified in phase 1) in the Nordic region.
The contract period is expected to be 14.09.2021-13.03.2022.