There are always a lot of practical matters to take care of when you relocate and, if you are moving between two countries, there are even more preparations to make. When you move from another country to Sweden, learning about schools, public transport and places to shop is not enough.
This checklist can help you in your preparations when you move to Sweden from another Nordic country.
The main rule is that you should be a member of an unemployment insurance fund (a-kassa) in the country in which you work. If you move to Sweden to work, you should therefore switch to an unemployment insurance fund in Sweden.
Contact your unemployment insurance fund in your home country to find out more about transferring your membership to a Swedish fund.
You must open a bank account in Sweden into which your employer can pay your salary.
You must visit the Swedish Tax Agency (Skatteverket) to obtain a tax card.
There are several different types of housing in Sweden.
If you are selling a property in the country you are moving from, you should be aware that, in Sweden, the value of any capital gain is taxed when a property is sold. If you want to avoid being taxed in this way, you should arrange to sell your property in the country you are moving from before you register in the Swedish Population Register.
Contact the postal service in the country from which you are moving, and arrange for them to forward your mail to your new address in Sweden.
You may bring removal goods with you without restriction within the EU, so you do not need to report removal goods to the customs authorities.
If you are moving from Iceland or Norway, you should contact Swedish Customs (Tullverket) for more information.
When you move to Sweden, you must register in the Swedish Population Register. To do this, visit the local tax office in the municipality to which you are moving. Take your passport, a document showing your civil status, and birth certificates of any children.
Once you are registered in the Swedish Population Register, you will be allocated a Swedish personal identity number. This does not replace the personal identity number you have in the country you are moving from.
Insurance cover is to help you if something unforeseen happens. Insurance can help you pay for things that have broken or have been stolen, and your insurance company can give you advice and guidance, e.g. if you have been burgled and you do not know what to do. You can take out insurance for bicycles, mobile phones, cars, dogs, and much more. There are certain insurances you must have by law.
If you are bringing a pet to Sweden, you must check the regulations.
In Sweden, an ID card is often needed to confirm your age and identity when, for example, you collect medicine from a pharmacy or pay with a card in a shop.
You can apply for an ID card (identitetskort) at the Swedish Tax Agency.
If you have a valid driving licence issued in another Nordic country, it is also valid in Sweden.
You may also choose to replace your driving licence with a Swedish licence.
When you move to Sweden you should choose a healthcare centre. If you become ill, you should first contact your healthcare centre.
In Sweden, the radio and TV fee is a general public service fee collected through tax.
Your car should generally be registered in the country where you have your permanent residence. If you bring a car from another Nordic country when you move to Sweden, you must therefore register it in Sweden.
If you are a Nordic citizen, you are entitled to move to Sweden and live, work and study in the country. You do not need to apply for this.
If you are an EU citizen, but not a Nordic citizen, you are entitled to work in Sweden for three months.
If you come from a country outside the EU and want to move to Sweden, you must apply for a residence permit in Sweden. The main regulation is that you must apply for this, and the permit must be awarded, before you move to Sweden.
If you have a permanent residence permit or work permit in another Nordic country, you should be aware that you may lose this when you apply for a work or residence permit in Sweden. You should therefore contact the migration agency in your country of residence for more information before you apply to Sweden.
Contact information to the migration agencies in the Nordic countries:
You earn a pension in Sweden when you live or work in Sweden.
If you have private pension savings in another Nordic country, you should contact the company for more information about whether a move to Sweden would affect your savings.
It is the municipalities in Sweden that are responsible for schools and preschools. Contact the municipality to which you are moving to be placed on a waiting list for a preschool and for information about schools in the municipality.
Citizens in the Nordic region are generally covered by social insurance in one country at a time.
Whether you are entitled to social benefits depends on the regulations in the country in which you are covered by social insurance. It is, for example, the country in which you are covered by social insurance that issues an EU health insurance card (EU-kort).
If you have children, you are entitled to parental benefits according to the regulations in the country in which you are covered by social insurance.
If you move to Sweden from another Nordic country to work, you are usually covered by social insurance in Sweden from the date on which you start work.
If you are posted in Sweden, you can apply to retain your social insurance cover in your home country.
If you live and study in Sweden, a number of factors determine where you are covered by social insurance. It is always important to you check what applies in your situation by contacting the authorities.
If you are staying in Sweden for less than a year and you are not registered in the Swedish Population Register, you are usually covered by social insurance in the Nordic country in which you are permanently resident.
If you are staying in Sweden for more than a year and you are registered in the Swedish Population Register, the authorities will decide whether you are covered by social insurance on the basis of:
- where you receive student finance from
- if you are working while you are a student
- where you are resident for tax purposes
- your housing situation
- your family situation
If you are conducting research and receiving a salary in addition to your grant, you are usually covered by social insurance in the country in which you work.
People staying temporarily in Sweden
If you are staying temporarily in Sweden but not working, you are covered by social insurance in your home country.
If you move to Sweden, you take with you the right to the pension you were receiving before the move. The move itself does not affect the payment of your pension, but your tax situation may be affected.
The Nordic social insurance authorities:
When you move to Sweden, you are entitled to vote in municipal and regional elections.
If you are a citizen in a EU country, you can choose whether you want to vote in the EU election in the country where you are a citizen or in Sweden. If you want to vote in the EU election in your home country, remember to apply to be put on the electoral role in good time before the election. Contact the election authority in your home country for more information.
You only have the right to vote in the election to the Swedish Riksdag (Parliament) if you are a Swedish citizen.
If you have any questions, please fill in our contact form.
NB! If you have questions regarding the processing of a specific case or application, or other personal matters, please contact the relevant authority directly.