Working in Finland

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This page is summary of information that you may need if you are planning or starting to work in Finland.

This page will point you in the right direction if you are looking for information on job hunting in Finland, the Finnish unemployment security system and unemployment funds, trade unions, social security in different work situations, sickness allowance and rehabilitation, employees’ rights and obligations and employment taxation.

Also take a look at the page Moving to Finland, which contains general advice on moving to Finland.

Employment-related rights and obligations

Nordic citizens do not need a residence or employment permit in Finland. There are certain conditions, however, for citizens of non-Nordic EU and EEA countries and other countries. Find out more about this in the section Right of residence and right to work in Finland.

If you come to Finland to work, your employer can generally independently assess the validity of a foreign qualification when selecting employees, but to work in certain occupations you need to have your qualification professionally recognised and have the right to practise the profession. Find out more in the section Professional recognition in Finland of qualifications completed in other countries.

You can find information on employment contracts, collective agreements and other matters related to terms of employment on the page Employees’ rights and obligations in Finland. You can find information on the trade unions that monitor employees’ rights on the page Unemployment funds and trade unions in Finland.

Job hunting

You can look for a job in Finland in advance from abroad or after arriving in Finland. Find out more in the section Job hunting in Finland.

You can also come to Finland as an unemployed jobseeker and get unemployment allowance, but for this you must register as an unemployed jobseeker in your country of departure in good time before you move. Find out more on the page on unemployment security in your country.

If you are getting Finnish unemployment benefit and you are interested in going to another Nordic country to look for work, find out more on the page Unemployment benefits in Finland.

Unemployment security

In Finland, unemployment allowance is paid from two different systems. If you become unemployed and you are a member of an unemployment fund, you can get earnings-related unemployment allowance from your unemployment fund. If you are not a member of an unemployment fund, you can get basic unemployment allowance from the Social Insurance Institution of Finland (Kela). If you are not entitled to unemployment allowance, you can get labour market subsidy. Find out more on the pages Unemployment benefits in Finland and Unemployment funds and trade unions in Finland.

Employees’ social security

For questions about employment and social security, the links below will point you in the right direction.

Are you entitled to social security benefits?

If you move to Finland to work, you are generally entitled to Finnish social security from the time you start working. There are several exceptions to this, however. This is explained on the page Social security when you start working in Finland.

If you work in another country as well as Finland, you can find information on the social security rules on the page Working in Finland and another country at the same time. If you are a posted worker, you can find information on the page Posted workers in Finland. If you are a researcher or grant recipient, you can find information on social security on the page Researchers and grant recipients in Finland.

What social security benefits do you get as an employee?

You can find information on social security in Finland and the right to healthcare services and sickness allowance and rehabilitation on the pages listed below.

Taxation

Taxes on employment are as a rule paid to the country of employment. If you are a resident taxpayer in Finland, your earned income is taxed progressively, meaning the tax rate increases as your income increases. If you are a non-resident taxpayer, you normally pay tax at source on your earned income. Find out more on the page Taxation in Finland or on the Nordic tax portal NordiskeTax.

More information

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Info Norden is the information service of the Nordic Council of Ministers. Here you can find info and tips if you wish to move, work, study, seek support or start a business in the Nordic region.