In the light of compact city aspirations and commitments in the Nordic Region, it is appropriate that fresh light should also be shed on green values and their application in urban areas. Spatial planning plays a critical role here, determining the use of land. The legal framework, therefore, needs more attention, particularly when comparing different Nordic planning systems involved in developing, preserving and protecting green values in the urban environment. This study examines and compares the five Nordic countries’ planning legislation, and related environmental legislation when it is connected to developing, preserving and protecting green characteristics and qualities in urban areas. It also identifies and briefly describes, the most important national policy/guiding documents and national goals.