The aim of bioeconomy is a sustainable production and use of natural resources. A cross sectorial and systematic approach, with a basis in circular economy, are the hallmarks of the Nordic Council of Ministers’ initiatives within bioeconomy. Here we highlight programmes, project activities and networking initiatives in the bioeconomy sector under the Nordic cooperation umbrella. Nordic Council of Ministers works in a macro-regional context iniciating, catalyzing and facilitating activities to realize bioeconomy in the Arctic Region, the Baltic Sea Region and the Nordic Region.