The environment and climate in the Nordic Region

Isbjørn på isfjell
Annie Spratt, Unsplash
Although it is on track, the Nordic Region still faces many challenges when it comes to making the green transition that is needed. For example, it is important that we reduce resource consumption, establish adequate protection for nature and make greater efforts to protect biodiversity.


Considerable progress has been made in terms of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, but there is still a long way to go towards a CO2-neutral Nordic Region. The Nordic countries differ in terms of their progress towards achieving the reduction targets. Currently, Denmark has reduced greenhouse gas emissions more than the other Nordic countries. 

Greenhouse gas emissions


The Nordic countries are basing more and more of their energy consumption on renewable energy, such as hydropower, wind and biomass. The Nordic countries are global leaders in renewable energy. 

Renewable energy as a proportion of energy consumption


The natural world is rapidly deteriorating – and the Nordic Region is no exception. The index for birdlife on farming land is an important biodiversity indicator but is moving in the wrong direction. However, one small bright spot is that the latest data shows a slight increase in Nordic bird populations.

Birdlife on farming land

More facts about the Nordic environment and energy

The Nordic Statistics database for the environment and energy contains data for biodiversity, ecolabel licences, emissions, energy consumption, fertilisers, pesticides, waste, green audits and taxes. 

State of the Nordic Region contains analyses, data and statistics on the environment and climate in the Nordic countries presented from a regional angle.

Nordic Energy Research (NEF) has a growing collection of energy indicators (The Nordic Way) for the five Nordic countries. 

Further information on the environment and climate and Nordic co-operation is available here