If you are over 40 and your capacity to work has been reduced permanently and so substantially that you are unable to do a regular job or a flexi-job, you may be entitled to invalidity pension.
Do you have the right to Danish invalidity pension?
You may have the right to invalidity pension if you are over 40 and your capacity to work has been reduced permanently and so substantially that you are unable to do a regular job or a flexi-job. If you are under 40, you will only receive invalidity pension in exceptional circumstances.
You will not have the right to invalidity pension if your working capacity is only temporarily reduced, or if it can be improved again by a back-to-work scheme, treatment or similar means.
If you live in Denmark, your local authority will assess whether you have the right to invalidity pension. First, you must attend a resource clarification process to assess you capacity for work. This involves the local authority assessing a range of factors, such as your education, work experience and health.
The local authority then draws up a rehabilitation plan in collaboration with you, describing your resources and potential for work in the current labour market.
Contact your local authority if you want to know more about invalidity pension.
If you live outside Denmark, Udbetaling Danmark will assess whether you have the right to invalidity pension. To apply for Danish invalidity pension, contact the pensions authority in the country where you live.
In order to assess your capacity for work, Udbetaling Danmark will draw up a resource profile based on information on your circumstances provided by you and the pensions authority in the country where you live. Udbetaling Danmark will make an assessment of your resources and potential opportunities for work in the current labour market under Danish rules and as if you were living in Denmark.
Contact Udbetaling Danmark if you would like to know more about Danish invalidity pension.
How do you earn the right to a Danish invalidity pension?
You earn the right to a Danish pension by living and working in Denmark. If you live in Denmark and work in another Nordic country, you will generally earn pension rights in the country where you work. If you work in two or more countries or are posted to another Nordic country and are unsure about where you are earning the right to a pension, you should contact the authorities. In Denmark you should contact the office for international social security at Udbetaling Danmark.
You have the right to full invalidity pension if you have lived in Denmark for at least 4/5 of the time from reaching the age of 15 to being awarded the pension and have not earned the right to a social pension from another country during that same period. If you do not qualify for full invalidity pension, the amount you receive will be calculated on the basis of how long you have lived in Denmark since you reached the age of 15.
You do not have the right to any form of Danish invalidity pension if you have spent less than one year in the country.
See borger.dk for more information and for a sample pension calculation.
How do you apply for invalidity pension?
If you live in Denmark, your local authority will process your application for invalidity pension.
If you have earned the right to invalidity pension in one or more of the other Nordic countries, Udbetaling Danmark will forward your application to the appropriate other country/countries. You can read about how to apply and what documentation you will need on borger.dk.
If you live in another Nordic country and have earned the right to a pension in Denmark, you will generally need to apply for it to the authorities in the country where you live.
What do you need to know if applying for invalidity pension from two different countries?
If you have worked or lived in more than one Nordic country, it is important to note that the conditions for invalidity pension may vary. You can contact the authorities of the countries in which you have lived and worked for more details.
If you live in Denmark, you may also have the right to supplementary financial assistance if your invalidity pension is not enough to live on. If you live abroad, you will not normally receive supplementary financial assistance from Denmark. You should apply for assistance in the country where you live.
Pension supplements and one-off payments
If you receive Danish invalidity pension under the rules which applied until 1 January 2003, you may have the right to heating allowance, health allowance and personal allowance. You can read more (in Danish) on borger.dk.
If you receive invalidity pension under the rules which have applied since 1 January 2003 and live in Denmark, you can apply to your local authority for additional financial assistance for items such as medicine or unforeseen one-off expenses if you are unable pay for them.
You may have the right to housing benefit. This depends, among other things, on your rent, your income, the size of your home and how many people live there. You can read more on borger.dk.
Can you take your Danish invalidity pension with you to another Nordic country?
If you are a Danish citizen or citizen of an EU or EEA country, you can generally take your pension with you to another Nordic country. You must apply to Udbetaling Danmark to take your pension abroad.
You cannot take your Danish pension to the Faroe Islands or Greenland, and must instead, apply for a Faroese or Greenlandic pension.
You can read more about this on borger.dk.
Can you work while receiving invalidity pension?
You and your spouse/cohabiter are allowed to work while you are receiving invalidity pension, but this may affect the amount of both invalidity pension and pension supplements that you receive. You must inform Udbetaling Danmark of any changes in your financial circumstances, including whether you have started working. You should be aware that your invalidity pension will be subject to re-evaluation if you start work, and that this could result in your invalidity pension being suspended or withdrawn.
See the rules (in Danish) on borger.dk under the heading “Må jeg eller min ægtefælle/samlever arbejde, mens jeg får førtidspension?” (May I or my spouse/partner work while I am receiving invalidity pension?).
How is invalidity pension paid out in the event of death?
If you live with a spouse, civil partner or cohabiting partner who is also in receipt of either invalidity pension or an old age pension, your pension will continue to be paid for up to three months after your death. This is called a survivor's pension. When the three months are up, your spouse, civil partner or partner's pension will be adjusted to the rates and rules that apply to a single person.
Your next of kin does not need to do anything about your invalidity pension or old age pension in the event of your death. The National Registration Office will notify Udbetaling Danmark and your local authority and an automatic decision will be made about what will happen to your pension. However, if you live abroad, your family should contact Udbetaling Danmark.
Where do you pay tax if you receive Danish invalidity pension abroad?
See the Nordic tax portal, Nordic eTax, for more information about the taxation of pensions in the Nordic Region.
Supplementary labour market pension
If you are receiving invalidity pension you may choose to contribute to the supplementary labour market pension (SUPP). If you contribute to SUPP, you will receive an extra payment every month when you retire.
Who do you contact if you have questions?
If you live in Denmark and have questions about Danish invalidity pension, please contact your local authority.
If you live abroad and have questions about Danish invalidity pension, please contact the Udbetaling Danmark, international pensions office.
If you live in Denmark and have questions about invalidity pension abroad, contact Udbetaling Danmark, pensions abroad.
If you have any questions, please fill in our contact form.
NB! If you have questions regarding the processing of a specific case or application, or other personal matters, please contact the relevant authority directly.