Trade unions in Finland

Ammattiliitot Suomessa
This article tells about Finnish trade unions, which promote the interests of employees for example in issues concerning pay and working conditions. Trade unions also run unemployment funds The membership fees for these are normally charged at the same time as the union fees.

Trade unions

The majority of Finnish trade unions belong to one of the three large central organisations. You can find your own trade union through the central organisation.

  • The Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions SAK (employees e.g. in industry, construction and transport, service sectors, wellbeing and the public sector)
  • The Finnish Confederation of Professionals STTK (clerical employees e.g. in industry and service sectors, municipal and state officials, healthcare and parish employees)
  • The Confederation of Unions for Professional and Managerial Staff AKAVA (e.g. teachers, physicians, economists, lawyers, engineers)

Unemployment funds

In Finland you join an unemployment fund by contacting the unemployment fund directly. You can find the contact details of unemployment funds on the website of the Federation of Unemployment Funds.

You normally join an unemployment fund in the country where you work or whose legislation applies to you. Unlike many other systems, in Finland you can in some cases join an unemployment fund while unemployed if the applicant has moved from another Nordic country and joins the fund within eight weeks of moving. In such cases the applicant should submit from U1 with their application to join the fund, available from their former unemployment fund or the social security authorities in their former country of residence to prove previous insurance periods in EU or EEA countries. Applying for the form also ends your membership of the previous fund. You can get more information from the unemployment fund for your sector or from the Federation of Unemployment Funds.

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