Sickness benefit (sjukpenning) is money you can receive if you cannot work because you are ill.
When are you entitled to sickness benefit in Sweden?
The regulations about when you are entitled to sickness benefit in Sweden vary according to your situation.
If you are employed or have a limited company, your employer or your company pays you sickness benefit for the first 14 days you are ill instead of your normal salary. An amount is deducted (karensavdrag) from the sickness benefit. The deduction is 20 percent of the sickness benefit you are calculated to receive in an average calendar week.
After 14 days, your employer must notify the Swedish Social Insurance Agency (Försäkringskassan) that you are ill. After that, you can apply for sickness benefit from Försäkringskassan.
If you run your own business (sole proprietor), you do not receive sickness benefit. You must notify Försäkringskassan on the first day you are ill. You can choose how many qualifying days you want before receiving sickness benefit from Försäkringskassan. If you do not make an active choice, the qualifying period will automatically be 7 days.
You can receive sickness benefit if you
- are insured in Sweden.
- cannot work your normal working hours because you are ill. You must be away from work for at least one-quarter of your normal working hours to receive sickness benefit.
- lose income that is sickness benefit qualifying income. Sickness benefit qualifying income (SGI) is an amount calculated by Försäkringskassan that forms the basis for how much you can receive.
You receive approximately 80 percent of your salary (if you are a sole proprietor, 80 percent of your income derived from business activities), but no more than SEK 725 per day.
If you become ill, you may be entitled to sickness benefit for the time you would otherwise have received parental benefit. You must apply to Försäkringskassan on the first day you are ill. Försäkringskassan suspends your parental benefit during the time you are ill and cannot take care of your child.
You may be entitled to sickness benefit if you
- are ill and your ability to care for your child is reduced by at least 25 percent.
- have a defined sickness benefit qualifying income (SGI).
SGI is an amount that Försäkringskassan calculates based on how much you earn per year. Your SGI forms the basis of whether you are entitled to compensation and how much you can receive if you become ill.
You can receive sickness benefit if you
- cannot look for work or accept a job because you are ill. You must be ill for at least one-quarter of the time you would otherwise have spent looking for a job.
- are registered as a jobseeker at the Public Employment Service (Arbetsförmedlingen). If you stopped working less than 3 months ago, you can receive sickness benefit even if you are not registered as a jobseeker at the Public Employment Service. However, you cannot receive sickness benefit for the first 14 days.
- are covered by social insurance in Sweden. You are covered by social insurance if your last job was in Sweden. You can have worked in another country and still be covered by social insurance in Sweden. There are also situations where you can have worked in Sweden but you are covered by social insurance in another country. Call the Försäkringskassan Customer Centre (+46 (0)771-524 524) to find out what applies in your case.
You must notify illness to Försäkringskassan on the first day you are ill. You receive approximately 80 percent of your previous salary but there is a cap on how much you can receive per day.
If you are a student and become ill, you must report illness to Försäkringskassan on the first day you are ill.
If you are ill and cannot study, you can retain your student grant and loan from The Swedish Board of Student Finance (CSN). CSN takes into account that you have been ill when they check your educational results.
If you work while you are studying, and become ill, you may receive sickness benefit. There is a minimum income you must earn in a year for you to be eligible for sickness benefit.
How long must you have lived/worked in Sweden?
If you live in Sweden, you are generally covered by social insurance in Sweden. This means that you may be entitled to benefits from Försäkringskassan.
If you move to Sweden and plan to remain for at least one year, you must be registered in the Swedish Population Register. You register at the Swedish Tax Agency (Skatteverket).
If you are not registered in the Swedish Population Register, you must register at Försäkringskassan. When you have registered, Försäkringskassan will examine whether you are to be covered by social insurance in Sweden or in another country.
If you work in Sweden, but live in another Nordic country, you are covered by social insurance in the country in which you work, i.e. Sweden.
How many days of sickness benefit are you entitled to?
Sickness benefit is a temporary benefit. The benefit compensates for loss of income until you can start work again. The length of time for which you can receive benefit, and how much you receive, depends on how much your illness affects your ability to work.
How do you apply for sickness benefit in Sweden?
You apply for sickness benefit at Försäkringskassan.
What happens if you are on sick leave for a long time, or if you have a severe illness?
If you are ill for a long period, you will be allocated a personal case officer at Försäkringskassan who will help you with everything relating to sickness benefit. Your case officer will contact you when you have received your first payment.
If you are under 30, and cannot work full-time for at least a year because of illness, injury or disability, you may be entitled to activity compensation (aktivitetsersättning).
If you are 19 or over, and will probably never be able to work full time because of illness, injury or disability, you may be entitled to sickness compensation.
What applies if you have sustained an occupational injury or work-related illness?
If you have lost income because of an occupational injury, you can receive compensation from Försäkringskassan. This is called annuity (livränta). To receive annuity, a doctor must have assessed that your occupational injury will affect your ability to work for at least one year ahead.
If an occupational injury means that you incur costs for dental treatment, assistive devices or medical care abroad, you can receive compensation from Försäkringskassan.
Sickness benefit when you work in another Nordic country
When you start working in another Nordic country, you are no longer entitled to sickness benefit from Sweden. Instead, you are entitled to a corresponding benefit in the country in which you work.
On the Info Norden website, you can find more information about:
Who should you contact if you have questions?
You can call the Försäkringskassan Customer Centre at +46 (0)771-524 524, or look on the Försäkringskassan website for more information.
If you have any questions, please fill in our contact form.
NB! If you have questions regarding the processing of a specific case or application, or other personal matters, please contact the relevant authority directly.