Swedish citizenship

Statsborgerskab i Sverige
Here you can read about the regulations for becoming a Swedish citizen, and the Swedish regulations regarding dual citizenship.

Swedish citizenship at birth

The citizenship that a child gets at birth depends on the citizenship of the parents.

A child born after 1 April 2015 automatically becomes a Swedish citizen, regardless of where the child was born, if one of the parents is a Swedish citizen.

A child born before 1 April 2015 in another country than Sweden, with a Swedish father and a foreign mother who are not married to each other, does not automatically become a Swedish citizen. In order for the child to become a Swedish citizen, the child’s father must submit a notification of Swedish citizenship for the child.

The child can also become a Swedish citizen if the parents later get married to each other and the child is under 18 and unmarried.

Swedish citizenship for Nordic citizens

You may apply for Swedish citizenship and retain your citizenship in another Nordic country, which gives you dual citizenship.

As a citizen in a Nordic country, you can become a Swedish citizen in two ways: by notification (anmälan) or by application (ansökan).

Swedish citizenship by notification

It is the County Administrative Board that processes notifications about becoming a Swedish citizen.

You must satisfy certain conditions to become a Swedish citizen. When you submit a notification to become a Swedish citizen:

  • you must be at least 18 when you notify the County Administrative Board that you wish to become a Swedish citizen.
  • you must have lived in Sweden for at least five consecutive years, counted from the date you notify the County Administrative Board that you wish to become a Swedish citizen.
  • you must not have been sentenced to prison or similar during those five years (however, there are exceptions for people who are 18 or 19 years old).

You submit a notification of Swedish citizenship to the County Administrative Board in the region in which you live.

You must pay a fee to submit a notification of citizenship for adults and young people aged 18-20. The fee is paid to the County Administrative Board in the region in which you live. There is no fee for children under 18 who are included in the parent’s/guardian’s notification.

You must send a Population Registration Certificate (personbevis) for yourself and your children who live in Sweden. This certificate is called ‘Application for Swedish Citizenship’, and must be no older than two months.

Assuming that you satisfy the conditions, you become a Swedish citizen. The County Administrative Board will then send a certificate of Swedish citizenship to your home address.

Swedish citizenship by application

If you do not satisfy the conditions for Swedish citizenship by submitting notification, as a Nordic citizen you may apply for Swedish citizenship (application). You send your application to the Swedish Migration Agency, which processes applications about becoming Swedish citizens.

When you apply to become a Swedish citizen:

  • you must be able to prove your identity.
  • you must be at least 18.
  • you must have been living in Sweden for at least two years.
  • you must have conducted yourself well.
Swedish citizenship for children in conjunction with parents

If you are the parent or guardian of a child, you may submit a notification to the County Administrative Board that the child is to become a Swedish citizen.

If both parents/guardians want to become Swedish citizens by submitting a notification to the County Administrative Board, or by applying to the Swedish Migration Agency, their unmarried children who are under 18 automatically become Swedish citizens.

If one of the parents/guardians submits an application or notification to become a Swedish citizen, their unmarried children who are under 18 become Swedish citizens if:

  • the parent/guardian has single custody.
  • the parents/guardians have shared custody, and one of the parents is a Swedish citizen.

Swedish citizenship for non-Nordic citizens

If you are a citizen of a non-Nordic country and want to become a Swedish citizen, you must apply for Swedish citizenship through the Swedish Migration Agency.

Dual citizenship

Like the other Nordic countries, Sweden allows dual citizenship.

You may apply for Swedish citizenship and retain your citizenship in another Nordic country, which gives you dual citizenship.

If you are a Swedish citizen and become a citizen of another Nordic country, you may retain your Swedish citizenship.

All Nordic countries allow a child to have more than one citizenship at birth. However, the Nordic countries have regulations stipulating that the child may automatically lose their citizenship if the child has not lived in the country before their 22nd birthday.

Rights and obligations regarding Swedish citizenship

Swedish citizenship brings certain rights and obligations. For example, people with Swedish citizenship have the right to vote and stand as candidates in elections to the Swedish Parliament (Riksdagen). Swedish citizens may be conscripted to National Service, can get a Swedish passport, and are entitled to consular assistance abroad. In general, you must be a Swedish citizen to represent Sweden in sports. In addition, certain positions in the public sector and in the Police Service and the Swedish Armed Forces require that you are a Swedish citizen.

However, for most other rights and obligations, e.g. social insurance, entitlement to compulsory education, and tax matters, citizenship is of no or very little significance. This generally depends on where you live and/or work.

The website of the Swedish Migration Agency has more information about rights and obligations regarding Swedish citizenship. On the website, you can also read about the benefits and disadvantages of Swedish citizenship and dual citizenship.

Children who live in Sweden and are to be registered as citizens in another Nordic country

If you or your child’s other parent are citizens of another Nordic country, and your child is also to become a citizen of that country, you should contact the embassy of the applicable country in Sweden. The embassy can give you more information and issue a passport of that country to your child.

You must present a birth certificate (födelsebevis) and your marriage certificate (äktenskapsbevis), or a certificate of parentage (bevis på föräldraskapet) if you and the other parent are not married.

Regaining citizenship of another Nordic country

If you were previously a citizen of another Nordic country, but lost your citizenship when you became a Swedish citizen, in certain cases you may regain your original citizenship.

Denmark

What should I do if I have previously been a Danish citizen and want to regain that citizenship?

If you have previously been a Danish citizen, but lost this when you became a Swedish citizen, you may, under certain circumstances, regain Danish citizenship through notification.

Information is available on the website of the Ministry of Immigration and Integration.

Finland

What should I do if I have previously been a Finnish citizen and want to regain that citizenship?

If you have previously been a Finnish citizen, but lost this when you became a Swedish citizen, you can submit a notification. If you satisfy the conditions, you become a Finnish citizen again.

You can find more information about regaining Finnish citizenship on the website of the Finland Embassy in Stockholm.

Iceland

What should I do if I have previously been an Icelandic citizen and want to regain that citizenship?

Contact the Icelandic Directorate of Immigration (Útlendingastofnun) for information about how to regain your Icelandic citizenship.

Norway

What should I do if I have previously been a Norwegian citizen and want to regain that citizenship?

If you have previously been a Norwegian citizen, but lost this when you became a Swedish citizen, you can submit a notification. If you satisfy the conditions, you become a Norwegian citizen again.

See the website of the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (Utlendingsdirektoratet) for information about how to recover your Norwegian citizenship.

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