Child allowance in Denmark

Barn och familj på Åland
Here you can read about benefits for families with children under Danish rules.

This article provides information about two types of benefits for families with children: child and youth benefit and child allowance.

Child and youth benefit is a payment that you receive for each of your children until they reach the age of 18.

Child allowance is paid in special circumstances, for example to single parents, pensioners, student or trainees, parents of children of a multiple birth or adoptive parents.

Child and youth benefit

Child and youth benefit, also known as the “child cheque” (or family allowance), is a payment you receive for each of your children until they reach the age of 18. The amount you receive depends on the age of your child, how long you have been earning the right to Danish family benefits, your income and the income of any spouse.

    Do you have the right to child and youth benefit?

    You have the right to child and youth benefit if:

    • Your child is less than 18 years of age
    • Your child lives in Denmark
    • You live in Denmark
    • The person who has custody of the child is fully liable for tax in Denmark
    • Your child is not receiving benefits
    • You have lived or worked in Denmark, the Faroe Islands or Greenland for at least six of the last 10 years or earned the right to family benefits in other EU/EEA countries or Switzerland.
    When is the benefit paid?

    Child benefit is paid quarterly in advance. When your child reaches the age of 15, you will receive youth benefit instead of child benefit. Youth benefit is paid every month in arrears.

    To whom is the benefit paid?

    Child and youth benefit is generally paid to the mother. If the child only lives with the father, it is paid to the father. If there is joint custody and the child stays with both parents, the child or youth benefit is paid to the parent with whom the child lives most of the time. If the parents have joint custody, it is paid to the parent at whose address the child is registered.

    How much is the benefit?

    You can find the current rates for child and youth benefit at borger.dk, as well as information about when the amount is reduced because of your income.

    How to apply

    Child and youth benefit are paid automatically if you live in Denmark and are covered by the social security system in Denmark. You must apply for the benefit if you:

    • Live in Denmark and work in another EU/EEA country or Switzerland

    • Work in Denmark and live in another EU/EEA country or Switzerland
    • Move to Denmark from another EU/EEA country or Switzerland
    • Are Danish and have moved back to Denmark.

    You can read more at borger.dk.

    Child allowance

    In certain circumstances you may have the right to child allowance. These include:

    • If you are a single parent
    • If you have children from a multiple birth
    • If you are a pensioner
    • If you are studying
    • If a paternity case is in progress or the child’s father is unknown
    • If one or both parents have died, or
    • If you adopt a child.

    Different conditions apply to each of these situations. You can read about them at borger.dk.

    Family benefits abroad

    If you live in another Nordic country with your family and work in Denmark

    If you live in another Nordic country and work exclusively in Denmark, you will in general, be covered by the Danish social security system. This means that you will have the right to family benefits from Denmark if you meet the other conditions listed above.

    If the child's other parent works in the country where you live, you should receive family benefits in that country. If Danish family benefits are higher than the benefits in the country where you live, Denmark will pay the difference. If the Danish benefit is lower than in the country where you are living, you will not receive family benefits from Denmark.

    If you live in Denmark with your family and work in another Nordic country

    If you live in Denmark and work exclusively in another Nordic country, you will in general, be covered by the social security system in the country where you work. As a rule, this means that you have the right to family benefits from the country where you work. You should contact the authorities in the country where you work to ask them to advise you about the rules.

    If the child's other parent works in Denmark, you should receive Danish family benefits. If family benefits from the country where you work are higher than the benefits in Denmark, the other country will pay the difference. If the benefit from the other country is lower than in Denmark, you will not receive family benefits from the other country.

    If you live in Denmark and receive a pension from another Nordic country

    If you live in Denmark and receive a pension from another Nordic country, and the child's other parent is not working in Denmark, you do not have the right to Danish family benefits. This is because you are not covered by the Danish social security system. You must instead contact the authorities in the country from which you receive your pension.

    If you move abroad

    If you move abroad, you will no longer have the right to Danish child and youth benefit.

    If you are still working in Denmark, or are a Danish pensioner, or are posted abroad and covered by the Danish social security system, contact Udbetaling Danmark.

      Whom should you contact if you have questions?

      Contact authority
      Ask Info Norden

      If you have any questions, please fill in our contact form.

      NB! If you have questions regarding the processing of a specific case or application, or other personal matters, please contact the relevant authority directly.

      Info Norden is the information service of the Nordic Council of Ministers. Here you can find info and tips if you wish to move, work, study, seek support or start a business in the Nordic region.