Reducing CO2 emissions from freight

Recent developments in freight transport in the Nordic countries and instruments for CO2 reductions


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Passenger cars and road freight are significant causes of CO2-emissions in the Nordic countries. While for passenger cars, CO2-reducing policy measures are sorting effect, this is much less the case for freight transport. Meanwhile, demand for freight transport is expected to keep rising. The current report discusses the (inter)national climate framework and objectives of the Nordic countries in light of freight transport developments (CO2-emissions and transport volumes). At the current rate, all Nordic countries will face sizable emission reduction gaps given their 2030 climate commitments. In discussing several types of policy measures, we show what the Nordic countries are currently doing to reduce CO2-emissions from freight, and illustrate differences and similarities. Finally, we discuss the cost-effectiveness of different measures, and provide a set of policy recommendations.
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