Denmark is the smallest of the five nations in the Nordic Region, with a total land mass approximately the same size as Finnmark County in Norway. On the other hand, Denmark has plenty of good arable land, and makes the most of this natural resource. With around 5.8 million inhabitants, Denmark is the most densely populated country in the Region. Roughly 1.3 million people live in and around the capital city, Copenhagen.
Denmark is a constitutional monarchy. Queen Margrethe II has no real political power, and the parliament, Folketinget, is the country’s highest authority. Denmark is a member of the EU, but has retained the krone as its currency. The country is also a member of NATO.
The most important sources of revenue in Denmark are oil and other forms of energy, the medical industry, agricultural produce, shipping and IT services.
GDP per capita is EUR 39,700 (2018)
Total area: 43,561 km2
Land area: 42,962 km2
Arable land, market gardens and orchards: 25,329 km2
Forests and plantations: 5,294 km2
Lakes and rivers: 671 km2
Largest lake: Arresø - 39.5 km km2
Highest point: Yding Skovhøj - 172.5 m
Coastline: 7,314 km
Average temperature in Copenhagen (2018): 10.4° C (maximum 33.1 °C, minimum -9.8 °C)
Mean precipitation (1961-1990): 712 mm
Precipitation in Copenhagen (2006): 823 mm
Population in 2020: 5,822,763
Population of the capital in 2016: 1,295,686 (Copenhagen, including suburbs) (1)
National day: 5 June (Constitution Day, 5 June 1849)
Form of government: Constitutional monarchy
Parliament: Folketinget (179 seats)
EU membership: Since 1 January 1973
NATO membership: Since 4 April 1949
Head of state: Queen Margrethe II
Head of government (since June 2019): Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen
Currency: Danish krone (DKK)
Official website: www.denmark.dk
Official language: Danish
1) Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Albertslund, Brøndby, Gentofte, Gladsaxe, Glostrup, Herlev, Hvidovre, Lyngby-Taarbæk, Rødovre, municipalities of Tårnby and Vallensbæk and urban areas of Ballerup, Rudersdal, Furesø, Ishøj By, and Greve Strand.