Facts about Denmark

Dansk flagg
Silje Bergum Kinsten/ norden.org
Denmark, the most southerly of the Nordic countries, is a small, densely populated country, made up of a large of islands skirted by lovely beaches.

Denmark is the smallest of the five nations in the Nordic Region, with a total land mass approximately the same size as Finnmark County in Norway. On the other hand, Denmark has plenty of good arable land, and makes the most of this natural resource. With around 5.5 million inhabitants, Denmark is the most densely populated country in the Region. Approx. 1.2 million people live in and around the capital city, Copenhagen.

Denmark is a constitutional monarchy. Queen Margrethe II has no real political power, and the parliament, Folketinget, is the country's highest authority. Denmark is a member of the EU, but has retained the crown as its currency. The country is also a member of NATO.

The most important sources of revenue in Denmark are oil and other forms of energy, the medical industry, agricultural produce, shipping and IT services.

Per capita GDP is € 29,700 (2006).

Total area: 43,561 km2

Land area: 42,890 km2

Arable land, market gardens and orchards: 25,329 km2

Forests and plantations: 5,294 km2

Lakes and streams: 671 km2

Largest lake: Arresø - 39.5 km2

Highest point: Yding Skovhøj - 172.5 m

Coast line: 7,314 km

Mean precipitation (1961 - 1990): 712 mm

Precipitation Copenhagen (2006): 823 mm

Population 1st of January 2014: 5 627 235

Population density 1st of January 2014: 130.5 pop./km2

Population, capital 1st of January 2014: 1 246 611 (Copenhagen incl. suburbs) (1)

National day: 5th of June (Constitution Day 5 June 1849)

Form of government: Constitutional monarchy

Parliament: Folketinget (179 seats)

Membership of the EU: From 1st of January 1973

Membership of NATO: From 4th of April 1949

Head of State: Queen Margrethe II

Head of government (as of June 2019): Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen

Currency: Danish crown (DKK)

Official website: www.denmark.dk

Official language: Danish

1) Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Albertslund, Brøndby, Gentofte, Gladsaxe, Glostrup, Herlev, Hvidovre, Lyngby-Taarbæk, Rødovre, Tårnby og Vallensbæk municipalities and urban parts of Ballerup, Rudersdal, Furesø, Ishøj By and Greve Strand