Denmark is the smallest of the five nations in the Nordic Region, with a total land mass approximately the same size as Finnmark County in Norway. On the other hand, Denmark has plenty of good arable land, and makes the most of this natural resource. With around 5.5 million inhabitants, Denmark is the most densely populated country in the Region. Approx. 1.2 million people live in and around the capital city, Copenhagen.
Denmark is a constitutional monarchy. Queen Margrethe II has no real political power, and the parliament, Folketinget, is the country's highest authority. Denmark is a member of the EU, but has retained the crown as its currency. The country is also a member of NATO.
The most important sources of revenue in Denmark are oil and other forms of energy, the medical industry, agricultural produce, shipping and IT services.
Per capita GDP is € 29,700 (2006).
Total area: 43,561 km2
Land area: 42,890 km2
Arable land, market gardens and orchards: 25,329 km2
Forests and plantations: 5,294 km2
Lakes and streams: 671 km2
Largest lake: Arresø - 39.5 km2
Highest point: Yding Skovhøj - 172.5 m
Coast line: 7,314 km
Mean precipitation (1961 - 1990): 712 mm
Precipitation Copenhagen (2006): 823 mm
Population 1st of January 2014: 5 627 235
Population density 1st of January 2014: 130.5 pop./km2
Population, capital 1st of January 2014: 1 246 611 (Copenhagen incl. suburbs) (1)
National day: 5th of June (Constitution Day 5 June 1849)
Form of government: Constitutional monarchy
Parliament: Folketinget (179 seats)
Membership of the EU: From 1st of January 1973
Membership of NATO: From 4th of April 1949
Head of State: Queen Margrethe II
Head of government (as of June 2019): Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen
Currency: Danish crown (DKK)
Official website: www.denmark.dk
Official language: Danish
1) Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Albertslund, Brøndby, Gentofte, Gladsaxe, Glostrup, Herlev, Hvidovre, Lyngby-Taarbæk, Rødovre, Tårnby og Vallensbæk municipalities and urban parts of Ballerup, Rudersdal, Furesø, Ishøj By and Greve Strand