Facts about Norway

Johannes Jansson/norden.org
For many people, Norway is synonymous with oil and fjords, with dramatic and magnificent scenery – from the beaches and cliffs of the south, to the mountains in the middle and the midnight sun at the North Cape.

It is a country of mountain ranges, huge forests and vast empty expanses, with only about 3% arable land. The population is approximately 5.3 million, around 1.2 million of whom live in and around the capital city, Oslo.

Norway is a constitutional monarchy. King Harald V wields no real political power and the parliament, Stortinget, is the highest authority. Although not in the EU, Norway is part of the European Economic Area and a member of NATO.

The biggest source of national income is the extraction and export of offshore oil and gas. Other significant industries include steel, shipping and tourism.

GDP per capita is EUR 45,700 (2020)

Total area (1): 323,781 km2

Lakes and rivers: 18,351 km2

Land area: 305,420 km2

Arable land and horticulture: 8,103 km2

Forests: 125,301 km2

Largest lake: Mjøsa 365 km2

Highest point: Galdhøpiggen, 2,469 m

Mainland coastline: 28,953 km

Borders: 2,562 km (border with: Sweden, 1,630 km; Finland, 736 km; Russia, 196 km)

Ice caps and glaciers: 2,790 km2

Average temperature in Oslo (2018): 7.8° C (maximum 34.6 °C, minimum -15.9 °C)

Population in 2020: 5,367,580

Population of the capital in 2016: 1,281,127 (City of Oslo) (2)

National day: 17 May (Constitution Day, 17 May 1814)

Form of government: Constitutional monarchy

Parliament: Stortinget (169 seats)

EU membership: No

EEA membership: Since 1 January 1994

Head of state: King Harald V

Head of government (since September 2013): Prime Minister Erna Solberg (Conservative)

Currency: Norwegian krone (NOK)

Official website: www.norge.no

Official language: Norwegian

1) Excluding Svalbard and Jan Mayen

2) The City of Oslo and Akershus county