Facts about Norway

Johannes Jansson/norden.org
For many, Norway is synonymous with oil and mountains. Its dramatic, beautiful scenery stretches from the beaches and cliffs in the south through the mountainous areas in the middle to the midnight sun at the North Cape.

It is a country of mountain ranges, huge forests and vast empty expanses, with only about 3% arable land. The population is approximately 5.2 million, a million of whom live in and around the capital city, Oslo.

Norway is a constitutional monarchy. King Harald V wields no real political power and the parliament, Stortinget, is the highest authority. Although not in the EU, Norway is part of the European Economic Area and a member of NATO.

The biggest source of national income is the extraction and export of offshore oil and gas. Other significant industries include steel, shipping and tourism.

GDP per capita €49,200 (2013)

Total area (1): 323,781 km2

Lakes and rivers: 18,351 km2

Land mass: 305.420 km2

Arable land and horticulture: 8,103 km2

Forests: 125,301 km2

Biggest lake: Mjøsa 365 km2

Highest point: Galdhøpiggen, 2,469 m

Mainland coast line: 28,953 km

Borders: 2,562 km (border to Sweden: 1,630 km, Finland: 736 km, Russia: 196)

Ice cap and glaciers: 2,790 km2

Average temperature Oslo (1961–1990): January -4.3° C, July 16.4° C

Population 2016: 5,215,317  

Population: 1,281,127 (City of Oslo) (2)

National day: 17 May (Constitution Day 17 May 1814)

System of government: Constitutional monarchy

Parliament: Stortinget (169 seats)

Membership of EU: Nej

Membership of EEA: Since 1st January 1994

Head of State: King Harald V

Head of government (September 2013): Prime Minister Erna Solberg (Conservative)

Currency: Norwegian kroner (NOK)

Official website: www.norge.no

Official language: Norwegian

1) Minus Svalbard and Jan Mayen

2) The City of Oslo + Akershus county