Iceland is two and a half times the size of Denmark, but only a little over 1% of the land is fit for growing crops. Most of the landscape consists of big lava fields and glaciers. More than half of the population of 338,349 live in and around the capital, Reykjavík.
Iceland is a republic with a directly elected president. The President formally nominates the prime minister. The Althing (Alþingi) is the parliament and supreme authority in Iceland.
Iceland is not an EU member is a signatory to the EEA Agreement, so part of the European Economic Area. Iceland is a member of NATO.
Fish and fishery products are still the country’s main source of income, followed by aluminium and ferrosilicon exports. In recent years, growth has been recorded in sectors such as biotechnology, software and tourism.
GDP per capita is €30,000 euros (2013).
Land mass: 103,492 km2
Ice caps and glaciers: 10,500 km2
Lakes and rivers: 2,656 km2
Ice-free area: 92.692 km2
Arable land, market gardens and orchards: 1.290 km2
Forest: 1,907 km2
Largest lake: Þingvallavatn 82 km2
Coast line: 6,088 km
Highest point: Hvannadalshnúkur 2,110 m
Average temperature Reykjavík (1961–1990): January -0.6°C, July 10.7°C
Volume of precipitation Reykjavik (2007): 890 mm
Population 2016: 338,349 inhabitants
Population, capital city 2016: 216,878 inhabitants in Reykjavík (local authority) (1)
National day: 17th June (Independence Day 17th June 1944)
Form of government: Republic
Parliament: Althing (Alþingi) 63 MPs
Membership of EU: No
Membership of EEA: Since 1st January 1994
Membership of NATO: Since 4th April 1949
Head of state: President Guðni Th. Jóhannesson
Head of government: Prime minister Katrín Jakobsdóttir
Currency: Icelandic krona (ISK)
Official website: www.iceland.is
Official language: Icelandic
1) Reykjavik, Kópavogur, Seltjarnarnes, Gardðbær, Hafnarfjörður, Mosfellsbær, Kjósarhreppur and Sveitarflelagið Álftarnes