Facts about Sweden

Johannes Jansson/norden.org
The largest country in the Nordic Region is also the one with the biggest population. For many, Sweden is synonymous with the production of high-quality cars, iron and steel.

Inland lakes and large rivers cover almost 10% of Sweden’s land mass. Despite the country’s enormous coniferous forests, it still has 27,000 km2 of arable land.

Sweden is also the Nordic Region’s most populous country, with around 10.2 million inhabitants, more than two million of whom live in and around the capital, Stockholm. The northern parts of the country are sparsely populated.

Sweden is a constitutional monarchy. King Carl XVI Gustaf has no real political power, and the parliament, Riksdagen, is the country’s highest authority.

Sweden is a member of the EU, but has retained the krona as its currency. The country is not a member of NATO.

Sweden is a major exporter of goods and services. The biggest exports are electronics, engineering, cars, paper, iron and steel.

GDP per capita is EUR 38,200 (2020)

Total area (1): 447,435 km2

Lakes and rivers: 40,124 km2

Arable land and horticulture: 25,970 km2

Forests and plantations: 280,640 km2

Largest lake: Vänern 5.648 km2

Highest point: Kebnekaise 2,106 m

Mainland coastline: 11,530 km

Borders: 2,205 km (border with: Finland, 586 km; Norway, 1,619 km)

Ice caps and glaciers: 283 km2

Average temperature in Stockholm (2018): 8.8° C (maximum 33.6 °C, minimum -13.8 °C)

Population in 2020: 10,327,589

Population of the capital in 2017: 2,269,060 (City of Stockholm) (2)

National day: 6 June (Swedish Flag Day)

Form of government: Constitutional monarchy

Parliament: Riksdagen (349 seats)

EU membership: Since 1 January 1995

NATO membership: No

Head of state: King Carl XVI Gustaf

Head of government (since October 2014): Prime Minister Stefan Löfven

Currency: Swedish krona (DKK)

Official website: www.sweden.se

Official language: Swedish

1) Including the largest lakes, but excluding the area from the coastline to the territorial boundary, 81.502 km2

2) Stockholm, Upplands Väsby, Vallentuna, Österåker, Värmdö, Järfälla, Ekerö, Huddinge, Botkyrka, Salem, Haninge, Tyresö, Upplands-Bro, Nykvarn, Täby, Danderyd, Sollentuna, Södertälje, Nacka, Sundbyberg, Solna, Lidingö, Vaxholm, Norrtälje, Sigtuna, and Nynäshamn