The authority that manages basic social security in Åland and Finland is called the Social Insurance Institution of Finland (Kela/FPA).
What is social security?
Being insured in a country means being able to be entitled to social security benefits in that country. In general you are insured in the country where you work.
Social security provides financial security for families, persons of retirement age, or persons with disabilities, occupational diseases or illnesses.
You must always find out which country is responsible for your social security if you move.
If you move to Åland/Finland permanently you can as a rule get Kela benefits from the date of your move. When you apply for a benefit Kela assesses whether you can be deemed to be living permanently in Åland/Finland or whether you are entitled to Kela benefits based on your employment. The assessment of where you are considered to be resident depends for example on whether you are a return migrant, whether you have long-term employment in Åland/Finland or have close family ties to a person already resident in Åland/Finland. Kela may also consider your residence to be permanent if you have previously resided in Finland for at least a year.
Social security benefits
You can apply for Kela benefits and a Kela card on Kela’s e-services. If you have moved to Åland/Finland and have not previously applied to Kela for benefits or a Kela card, in addition to applying for the benefits or the Kela card you must also make a notification of move to Åland/Finland. Make a notification. You will get a decision on the benefits in writing, which is sent to the address you have given. If you are considered to have moved permanently to Finland you will get a Kela card. You can check what stage the processing of your application is at and to what extent you are entitled to social security on Kela’s e-services. If you have online banking codes for an Åland/Finnish bank you can choose to make your application on Kela’s e-services. Application forms are available on Kela’s website where you can complete them, print them out and mail them to Kela, POB 10, 00056 Kela.
If you have any questions, please fill in our contact form.
NB! If you have questions regarding the processing of a specific case or application, or other personal matters, please contact the relevant authority directly.