Policies for the promotion of BECCS in the Nordic countries


Several Nordic countries and the EU have adopted net-zero greenhouse gas emission targets. Achieving net-zero will necessitate CO2 removal from the atmosphere to offset residual emissions that are challenging to mitigate. Bioenergy with CO2 capture and storage (BECCS) is a technology that has the potential to generate large-scale CO2 removal and contribute to the attainment of net-zero targets. The report describes the status of BECCS in the Nordic countries and globally. Significant initiatives in the Nordic countries are mapped. Challenges on the market that inhibit BECCS development are analyzed and areas of cooperation and joint initiatives on the Nordic level that could promote the development and deployment of BECCS are proposed. The project has been carried out by IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute in collaboration with CICERO (Norway) and VTT (Finland).